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Xpá:yelhp (tree)

Xpá:y (wood)

Xpá:ytses (bough)

Slewíy (inner bark)

Sókw'em (outer bark)

Lháts'tel (split bark strips)

Á:wkw' (cedar clothing)

Si:tel (cedar basket)

Slhqw'ay (cedar mat)

Western Red Cedar

Thuja plicata




Food and Medicinal Uses:

Used to relieve coughs, colds, sore throat, hoarseness, and respiratory issues.

Also an antifungal and antibacterial.


Other Uses:

Withes (limbs) are twisted into rope.

Slewíy shredded and used for clothing and diapers.

Xpá:y is burned as fuel, made into canoes, used for longhouse planks, and carved into masks and other carvings.

Roots are split for making baskets.

Xpá:ytses used as mats and for spiritual purposes.

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